Karate Japanese Words

Karate Japanese

This list of terms includes almost all the Japanese words we use in the dojo and some that we don’t, in transliterated Japanese. They are divided into categories and then listed alphabetically in Japanese.

General

Counting

One Ichi
Two Ni
Three San
Four Shi
Five Go
Six Roku
Seven Shichi
Eight Hachi
Nine Ku
Ten Ju
Twenty Niju
Thirty Sanju
Forty Yonju
Fifty Goju
Sixty Rokuju
Seventy Nanaju
Eighty Hachiju
Ninety Kuju
One Hundred Hyaku

Dans (Black Belt levels)

First Dan Shodan
Second dan Nidan
Third Dan Sandan
Forth Dan Yondan

Stances

Heisoku Dachi Closed foot stance (feet together)
Musubi Dachi Formal attention stance (heels together, feet at an angle)
Heiko Dachi Parallel stance (feet shoulder width apart)
Migi Heiko Dachi Right foot forward Heiko Dachi
Hachiji Dachi Natural stance (feet shoulder width apart, toes pointed slightly out)
Uchi Hachiji Dachi Natural stance with heels out and toes in
Shiko Dachi Straddle leg stance
Naname Shiko Dachi Diagonal straddle leg stance
Kiba Dachi Horse riding stance
Sanchin Dachi Hourglass stance
Zenkutsu Dachi Front stance
Han Zenkutsu Dachi Half front stance
Fudo Dachi Free stance
Kokutsu Dachi Back stance
Neko Ashi Dachi Cat foot stance
Renoji Dachi The letter “Re” stance (or “L” stance)
Sesan Dachi Side facing straddle stance
Sagiashi Dachi Heron stance
Bensoku Dachi. Cross-legged stance (also known as female horse stance or Kosa Dachi)
Naihanchi Dachi Kiba Dachi with the heels out and toes in

Blocks

Gedan Barai Downward block
Uchi Uke. Inside forearm block
Soto Uke Outside forearm  block
Chudan Uke Inside circular block
Jodan Uke Upward block
Age Uke Rising block
Shuto Uke Knife hand block
Shotei Uke Palm heel block
Shotei Otoshi Uke Open hand dropping block
Yoko Uke Circular block
Hiki Uke Pulling/grasping block
Ko Uke Wrist block
Gedan Uchi Barai Outside downward block (open hand)
Ura Uke Back hand block
Hiji Uke Elbow block
Mawashi Uke Round house block
Morote Uke Augmented block
Sukui Uke Scooping block
Nagashi Uke Sweeping block
Kosa Uke Cross block
Hiza Uke. Knee block
Sokutei Osae Uke Pressing block with the sole of the foot
Sokutei Harai Uke Sole of the foot block
Haisoku Barai Instep block

Hand Techniques (strikes and punches)

Seiken Tsuki Fore fist strike
Oi Tsuki Lunge punch
Gyaku Tsuki Reverse punch
Age Tsuki Rising punch
Nihon Tsuki Double punch
Sanbon Tsuki Triple punch
Kagi Tsuki Hook punch
Yama Tsuki Mountain punch
Awase Tsuki U-punch
Heiko Tsuki Parallel punch
Hasami Tsuki Scissors punch
Nagashi Tsuki Flowing punch
Nakadaka Ken Middle finger knuckle fist
Ko Uchi Bent wrist strike
Kote Uchi Forearm strike
Kama-De Bear hand
Washi-De Eagle hand
Empi Elbow strike
Choku Tsuki Straight punch
Ura Tsuki Short punch (palm side up)
Uraken Uchi Back fist strike
Shuto Uchi Knife hand strike
Haito Uchi Ridge hand strike
Hiji Uchi Elbow strike
Tettsui Uchi Bottom fist strike (or hammer fist strike)
Nukite Tsuki Finger thrust
Shotei Uchi Palm heel strike
Shotei Tsuki Palm heel thrust
Keikoken Tsuki One knuckle fist
Kaikoken Tsuki Crab shell fist
Boshiken Tsuki Thumb fist
Furi Tsuki Circular punch
Mawashi Tsuki Round hook punch
Tate Tsuki Vertical punch
Kizami Tsuki Leading punch, or jab

Foot Techniques

Mae Geri Keage Front snap kick
Mae Geri Kekomi Front thrust kick
Yoko Geri Keage Side snap kick
Yoko Geri Kekomi Side thrust kick
Mawashi Geri Round house kick
Ushiro Mawashi Geri Round house to the rear kick
Gyaku Mawashi Geri Reverse round house kick
Ushiro Geri Back thrust kick
Kanketsu Geri Stamping kick, joint kick
Hiza Geri Knee kick (also called Hiza Ate)
Nidan Geri Double front snap kick (back leg first)
Ren Geri Double front snap kick (front leg first)
Ashi Barai Foot sweep
Mae Tobi Geri Jumping front kick
Tobi Nidan Geri Jumping double kick
Yoko Tobi Geri Jumping side thrust kick
Kakato Geri Heel kick
Fumikomi Geri Stamping kick
Tsumasaki Geri Kicking with the tips of the toes
Haisoku Geri Kicking with the instep
Sokuto Geri Kicking with the foot edge

Alphabetic

Age Tsuki Rising punch
Age Uke Rising block
Ashi Barai Foot sweep
Awase Tsuki U-punch
Bensoku Dachi. Cross-legged stance (also female horse stance or Kosa Dachi)
Boshiken Tsuki Thumb fist
Choku Tsuki Straight punch
Chudan Middle area
Chudan Uke Inside circular block
Empi Elbow strike
Fudo Dachi Free stance
Fumikomi Geri Stamping kick
Furi Tsuki Circular punch
Gedan Lower area
Gedan Barai Downward block
Gedan Uchi Barai Outside downward block (open hand)
Go Five
Goju Fifty
Gyaku Mawashi Geri Reverse round house kick
Gyaku Tsuki Reverse punch
Hachi Eight
Hachiji Dachi Natural stance (feet shoulder width apart, toes pointed slightly out)
Hachiju Eighty
Haisoku Barai Instep block
Haisoku Geri Kicking with the instep
Haito Uchi Ridge hand strike
Hajime Begin
Han Zenkutsu Dachi Half front stance
Hasami Tsuki Scissors punch
Heiko Dachi Parallel stance (feet shoulder width apart)
Heiko Tsuki Parallel punch
Heisoku Dachi Closed foot stance (feet together)
Hidari Left
Hiji Uchi Elbow strike
Hiji Uke Elbow block
Hiki Uke Pulling/grasping block
Hiza Geri Knee kick (also called Hiza Ate)
Hiza Uke. Knee block
Hyaku One Hundred
Ichi One
Jodan Upper area
Jodan Uke Upward block
Ju Ten
Kagi Tsuki Hook punch
Kaikoken Tsuki Crab shell fist
Kakato Geri Heel kick
Kama-De Bear hand
Kamae Ready and alert
Kanketsu Geri Stamping kick, joint kick
Keikoken Tsuki One knuckle fist
Kiba Dachi Horse riding stance
Kime Focus
Kizami Tsuki Leading punch, or jab
Ko Uchi Bent wrist strike
Ko Uke Wrist block
Kokutsu Dachi Back stance
Kosa Uke Cross block
Kote Uchi Forearm strike
Ku Nine
Kuju Ninety
Kumite. Sparring
Mae Geri Keage Front snap kick
Mae Geri Kekomi Front thrust kick
Mae Tobi Geri Jumping front kick
Mawashi Geri Round house kick
Mawashi Tsuki Round hook punch
Mawashi Uke Round house block
Migi Right
Migi Heiko Dachi Right foot forward Heiko Dachi
Morote Uke Augmented block
Musubi Dachi Formal attention stance (heels together, feet at an angle)
Nagashi Tsuki Flowing punch
Nagashi Uke Sweeping block
Naihanchi Dachi Kiba Dachi with the heels out and toes in
Nakadaka Ken Middle finger knuckle fist
Nanaju Seventy
Naname Shiko Dachi Diagonal straddle leg stance
Neko Ashi Dachi Cat foot stance
Ni Two
Nidan Second dan
Nidan Geri Double front snap kick (back leg first)
Nihon Tsuki Double punch
Niju Twenty
Nukite Tsuki Finger thrust
Oi Tsuki Lunge punch
Randori co-operative sparring
Rei Bow
Ren Geri Double front snap kick (front leg first)
Renoji Dachi The letter “Re” stance (or “L” stance)
Roku Six
Rokuju Sixty
Sagiashi Dachi Heron stance
San Three
Sanbon Tsuki Triple punch
Sanchin Dachi Hourglass stance
Sandan Third Dan
Sanju Thirty
Seiken Tsuki Fore fist strike
Sesan Dachi Side facing straddle stance
Shi Four
Shichi Seven
Shiko Dachi Straddle leg stance
Shodan First Dan
Shotei Otoshi Uke Open hand dropping block
Shotei Tsuki Palm heel thrust
Shotei Uchi Palm heel strike
Shotei Uke Palm heel block
Shuto Uchi Knife hand strike
Shuto Uke Knife hand block
Sokutei Harai Uke Sole of the foot block
Sokutei Osae Uke Pressing block with the sole of the foot
Sokuto Geri Kicking with the foot edge
Soto Uke Outside forearm  block
Sukui Uke Scooping block
Tate Tsuki Vertical punch
Tettsui Uchi Bottom fist strike (or hammer fist strike)
Tobi Nidan Geri Jumping double kick
Tsumasaki Geri Kicking with the tips of the toes
Uchi Hachiji Dachi Natural stance with heels out and toes in
Uchi Uke. Inside forearm block
Ura Tsuki Short punch (palm side up)
Ura Uke Back hand block
Uraken Uchi Back fist strike
Ushiro Geri Back thrust kick
Ushiro Mawashi   Geri Round house to the rear kick
Washi-De Eagle hand
Yama Tsuki Mountain punch
Yame Stop
Yoi Ready
Yoko Geri Keage Side snap kick
Yoko Geri Kekomi Side thrust kick
Yoko Tobi Geri Jumping side thrust kick
Yoko Uke Circular block
Yondan Forth Dan
Yonju Forty
Zenkutsu Dachi Front stance

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